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The Kingdom of Tonga is the only constitutional monarchy in the Pacific and is spread over 700,000 square kilometres of the South Pacific Ocean and comprises of 171 islands, of which 40 are inhabited. It has five Administrative Divisions: Tongatapu (the main Island), Vava’u, Ha’apai, Eua and Ongo Niua. Tongatapu has a predominant share of 73% of the total population, followed by Vava’u 15%, Ha’apai 7%, ‘Eua 5%, and Ongo Niua 1%. Tonga is prone to natural disasters and recent ones included a tsunami that hit Niua Islands in September 2009 and the more recent category 5 cyclone Ian that hit the Ha’api Island group in January 2014. The population of Tonga is 103,036 (2011) and there is a high migration rate, with over 150,000 people living in New Zealand, Australia and The United States of America.

Full review

With the conclusion of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Plan of Action in 2014, and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015, the United Nations Population Fund, Pacific Sub-Regional Office (UNFPA – PSRO) has commissioned technical needs assessments for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) in a number of Pacific Island Countries and Territories in 2014-15

Full review

The current multi-country programme for the UNFPA Pacific Sub-Regional office 2013-2017 covers 14Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs). It is a component of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for the Pacific 2013-2017, and is designed to support national and regional priorities as identified in national and regional development frameworks, the Pacific Plan, and the Pacific national and regional Millennium Development Goal reports

Full review

 

According to the World Risk Index 2014, the Pacific has four (Vanuatu, Tonga, Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea) of the top ten countries at greatest risk. Vanuatu is at the top of the list. In previous years, Fiji was also included among the top ten.
Full review

 

Responding to Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence against Women and Girls

 

Full review

 

his Family Health and Safety Study (FHSS) was initiated through the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) Ministry of Internal Affairs and conducted by Women United Together
Marshall Islands (WUTMI). Though not the first study on family violence in the country, it is the most comprehensive.
Full review

 

All individuals and couples should have free access to information as well as family planning (FP) services as they wish and require. Family planning allows family and individuals to achieve their desired number of children and helps them determine the spacing of pregnancies between each other. Thus using appropriate quality contraceptive methods and providing treatment of
infertility will be the key factor to achieving family planning
Full review

 

Violence against women (VAW) is defined by the UN as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private
life.”
1 Such violence is not limited to a specific culture, country, region, or to particular groups within a society. VAW affects all societies, including the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). It not only has a direct impact on women who experience violence, but it also affects their families and community at large. Consequently, VAW also reinforces other forms of violence prevalent in society.
Full review

 

   Many couples want to avoid pregnancy and  childbearing during crisis situations, but lack the means to do so UNFPA ships male and female condoms and other family planning supplies to affected areas within the first hours of an emergency The specific hygiene needs of women and girls are too often overlooked in emergencies. To help women and girls maintain their health and dignity, UNFPA distributes ‘dignity kits’ in disaster- and conflict-affected communities.
Full review

 

The Republic of Kiribati (Kiribati) is considered to be one of the most demographically challenged Pacific Island nations due to its increasing population, low topography, rising sea
levels, need to adapt to climate change and issues with sufficient supplies of fresh water.
Full review

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