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Population and Development Profiles: Pacific Islands Countries

Publication

 

This report provides a summary of updated population and development profiles of 15 Pacific countries. Four of these countries (Solomon Islands, Kiribati, Tuvalu and Vanuatu) are classified as Least Developed Countries (LDCs). All of these countries are politically independent, as are Fiji, Nauru and Tonga. Three countries (Palau, Marshall Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia) are associated to the United States through a Compact of Free Association. Two countries (Cook Islands and Niue) are self governing in free association with New Zealand, and the Tokelau Island is a dependent territory of New Zealand. The political status of each of the 15 countries has important consequences for both demographic dynamics and the level of development and how they are linked. With respect to Violence Against Women (VAW) national prevalence, the data was generated using WHO household survey methodology, with UNFPA technical support, in a majority of the Pacific countries. The primary data source for the core population indicators is the respective national census reports, although other national sources such as Demographic Health Surveys have also been used where appropriate. 

Full review

Pacific Regional ICPD Review

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In 1994, the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), in Cairo, initiated a major paradigm shift from a demographic focused perspective of population and development to a new vision that focused on human rights, particularly the rights of individuals, couples and families, at the centre of relationships between population, development and human well-being. The comprehensive 20 year Programme of Action (PoA) that was adopted by 179 countries, including Pacific Island Countries, placed the right to sexual and reproductive health as well as gender equality and women’s empowerment at the core of its recommended population development strategies. 

Full review

A Deeper Silence

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UNFPA is guided by the idea “Everyone Counts”, and while this is often referred to with regard to work on population, it is equally true in the mandate of the Fund to ensure universal access to reproductive health. This is central to the spirit of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), and the Programme of Action adopted by 174 countries in Cairo (1994) to realize the ICPD promise over 20 years. When the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5B was adopted in 2008, it included access to reproductive health care for all members of society, including those living with disabilities

Full review

State of World Population Report - Motherhood in Childhood

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Many countries have taken up the cause of preventing adolescent pregnancies, often through actions aimed at changing a girl’s behaviour. Implicit in such interventions are a belief that the girl is responsible for preventing pregnancy and an assumption that if she does become pregnant, she is at faul

Full review

i am not a lost cause

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These young expectant mothers not only join the troubling national statistics on teenage pregnancy, they also become the subject of negative commentary over the dinner table, the object of sniggering in school and on the streets, and, worse still, they become a tag line for parents and teachers who warn other girls: You don’t want to end up like her! 

Full review

i am not a lost cause

Publication

 

These young expectant mothers not only join the troubling national statistics on teenage pregnancy, they also become the subject of negative commentary over the dinner table, the object of sniggering in school and on the streets, and, worse still, they become a tag line for parents and teachers who warn other girls: You don’t want to end up like her! 

Full review

National Study on Domestic Violence against Women in Tonga

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This report has been prepared by Dr. Henrica A.F.M. (Henriette) Jansen, Dr. Seu’ula Johansson -Fua , Betty Hafoka -Blake, and Gabriella Renee ‘Ilolahia.
The views in the report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Australian Government or of any other organisation or person.

Full review

Kiribati Family Health and Safety Study

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Gender-based violence (commonly referred to as violence against women) both reflects and reinforces inequality between men and women
and compromises the health, dignity, security and autonomy of its victims, of which 95% are women and girls. It encompasses a wide range of human rights violations, including sexual abuse
of children, rape, domestic violence, sexual assault and harassment, trafficking of women and girls and several harmful traditional practices. Any one of these abuses can leave deep psychological scars, damage the health of women and girls in general, including their reproductive and sexual health, and in some instances, result in death.

Full review

Swimming Against the Tide

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UNFPA Pacific contributed financially and/or techincal assistance towards the completion of the GBV studies in the region and the publication of this report.

Full review

Achieving Reproductive Access to Reproductive Health Services & Commodities; and The Pacific Policy Framework 2008 - 2015

Publication

Reliable access to contraceptives and other commodities is a fundamental requirement for reproductive health. Yet thousands of women and men in the Pacifi c go without these essentials, leaving them vulnerable to unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections including HIV and the risk of childbirth without basic equipment or medical supplies. While the need for reproductive health products is rising, donor support is declining. During the 1990s, governments and individuals provided 60 per cent of the costs of contraceptives worldwide, while donors covered 40 per cent of the costs. Today, donor support has declined to around 27 per cent of the total.” 

Full review

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