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A Population and Housing Census (PHC) provides a precise and geographically detailed account of population characteristics. More than just a head count, the data collected provides a snapshot of how many people are living in a country by age, sex and geographic location – and importantly how they are living, as well as other key socioeconomic characteristics. This makes a census a rich source for analysis, providing key inputs for policy, administration and research, and resource allocation. This report draws on the information collected in the Census to present a picture of the younger generation in order to assess how well youth are transitioning to adulthood in ways that will contribute to the country’s social and economic development. It is hoped that the analysis and data presented in this report will be used by government officials and decision-makers in Samoa to design youthsensitive policies and programmes, to allocate appropriate resources, and to monitor the effectiveness of interventions. The report complements other thematic reports published using data from the 2016 Census including the PHC 2016: Census Briefs 1 to 4 and the 2018 Samoa Disability Monograph – all published by the Samoa Bureau of Statistics (SBS). This report is intended for a broad audience, including people with limited statistical expertise, and presents key findings with clear explanations to help readers interpret the data and its limitations. It serves as a useful resource on Samoan youth and their contribution to economic and social development in the country.